“The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World” is a brilliant sculpture that was gifted to the United States by France in 1886. Being the colossal and majestic monument it is, it has managed to attract tourists from all over the world for many years now. Commonly known as ‘Statue of Liberty’, this monument is situated on the Liberty Island and is considered as a universal symbol of democracy and freedom. Although it is visited by millions every year, there are only a few who have in-depth knowledge about this fascinating monument. Hence, we bring a list of some of the most interesting facts about the Statue of Liberty that will leave you surprised.
1. The total height of this statue, right from the base of the pedestal foundation to the tip of the torch, is 305 feet, 6 inches whereas the height from the heel of the Statue to the top of the head is 111 feet, 6 inches.
2. This enormous monument weighs over 225 tons or 450000 pounds. Another interesting fact about this Statue is that it has an astonishing 35-foot waistline.
3. There are seven spikes on the crown that represent the seven oceans and the seven continents of the world. Each of this spike is 9 feet long and weighs around 150 pounds, representing the universal concept of liberty. There are also 25 windows in Lady Liberty’s crown.
4. The Statue holds a tablet in her left hand that is 23′ 7″ tall and 13′ 7″ wide. Inscribed on this tablet is the date JULY IV MDCCLXXVI (July 4, 1776).
5. The statue has an iron infrastructure while its exterior is made up of Copper. And due to oxidation of copper, the Statue has turned Green. The patina (green coating), although representing the damage caused, also helps in protection of the Statue from any more deterioration.
6. The torch in the Statue’s hand was replaced by a new torch during the restoration that was completed in 1986 because the original torch was in a really bad state. This new torch was made of copper and was also covered with thin sheets of 24k gold.
7. This astounding Statue is standing, with a broken shackle and chains lying beside her feet. Her right foot is raised as if she is moving forward. This forward movement is depicted as the movement away from tyranny and slavery.
8. This statue of a robed female figure, holding a torch in her hand, is a statue of Libertas. Libertas is the Roman goddess of freedom.
9. The idea for the statue was given by Edouard de Laboulaye, while Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi was the one who converted this idea into a proper design.
10. Gustave Eiffel, the man who designed the Eiffel Tower, also played a major role in designing the Statue of Liberty.
11. The Statue of Liberty was open to the visitors until the terrorist attack on World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. Earlier, people were allowed to climb the winding staircase inside the statue that took them to the top of her crown.
12. The original torch, that got replaced in 1986, is now on display at a museum below, in the Statue pedestal.
14. A total of 192 steps help you reach the top of the pedestal from the ground while the number of steps between the pedestal and the crown is a staggering 354.
15. With such a grand structure, it is no surprise that the Lady Liberty wears a shoe sized 879, that is 25 feet long.
16. Being the prime attraction of one of the most sought-after cities in the entire world, there are over 4 million people that visit the Statue of Liberty every year.
17. The Americans living in Paris reciprocated the generous act of France by building a replica of Lady Liberty in Paris in 1889. This statue, situated on a small island in River Seine, is made of bronze and stands around 35 feet high.
18. The face of the statue is around 8 feet tall and the model for the face is said to be inspired from the sculptor’s mother, Charlotte Bartholdi.
19. Building up the gigantic monument back in 1886 was a huge thing and hence, there were 300 different types of Hammers used in the construction of the copper structure.
20. Although constructed by the French, funds for the statue were raised by contributions from both, the French as well as the Americans. A total of $102,000 were raised from these contributions, of which around 80 % contributions were even less than one dollar.
21. This monument got the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.
22. The statue was made up of 300 copper pieces. All these pieces were shipped to America in 214 crates on the French ship Isere. This ship had almost sunk in the stormy sea-waters.
23. The island where this Statue is situated was earlier known as the Bedloe Island. However, in 1956, the name was changed to Liberty Island, owing to the growing popularity of the monument.
24. In case of storms or even high winds that are of the magnitude of 50mph or more, the Statue can rock or sway by up to 3 inches, whereas the torch can move up to 5 inches.
25. It is said that around 600 bolts of lightning hit this Statue every year.
26. While there have been several suicide attempts by jumping off this Statue, most of them have not been fatal. However, there have also been suicide attempts that have resulted into death of people, on two occasions. Once in 1929 and also in 1932.
27. In 1944, after the victory of the USA in Europe during the Second World War, the lights in the crown of the Lady Liberty flashed “dot-dot-dot-dash”. This stands for V in Morse code, where V meant ‘Victory’.
28. As the Statue is of National importance and holds a great place in American history, two images of the statue appear on a US $10 bill.
29. In 1982, nearly 100 years after its inauguration, it was observed that the head of the Statue had been actually installed two feet off the centre.
30. Even though it is situated near New Jersey, this Statue is a part of Liberty Island that lies within the State of New York.
Thus, there were many things about this world-famous monument that we are sure, you didn’t know about. How many of these facts about the Statue of Liberty did you know about? Do let us know in the comments below. Also, if you know any more of such interesting facts about this beautiful Statue, do share it with us.